Tag Archives: China A to Z

China A to Z: P is for Parks and Public Squares

Every city that I have been in in China has had spacious, well maintained parks and public square, mostly  called “People’s Square” or a minor variation on it. One of my favorite things to do in China is wander around in these parks and public spaces.

People’s Places

Weifang has two with very similar names pretty far apart and it took me quite a while to figure out that the one near where my son lived was not the one referred to most of the time.

 

If I recall correctly (not a 100% sure thing) these are two view of the People’s Square in Qingdao:

 

Preparing Tian’anmen Square for National Day:

 

Park Art

Many of the parks have really cool art, and artistic details. Here is a sampling:

 

People using parks

On weekday mornings, even nice ones you might think that these beautiful parks are like the empty high-rises, waiting for more people to come to fill them. On a sunny day, before work or in the afternoon as people start getting off work, or a nice weekend (especially one with enough wind for kite flying) you can see that this is not true.

 

Parks are places for exercise, to meet friends, to dance, to fish (F is for Fishing) and, of course to fly kites (K is for Kites).

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Shouguang, the city where my son lives now, even though it is considered “rural” or a “fifth tier” city, has really nice parks and a lot of nice art in them. I did some posts about this: A walk along the Mihe River , Fall in Shouguang , and, par for my course, never finished my plans to show even more of the park art in Shouguang. Maybe when I get back from this coming trip I’ll finally finish.

People’s Parks

Even more than the art in parks, I love to see people out enjoying the parks. On weekdays they are often fairly empty, peaceful places. On nicer days there are usually a few people, often children with their grandparents, but on nice days as evening approaches and on the weekends they are busy places.

 

 

 

China A to Z: O is for Overwhelmed…and coping with it

Why overwhelmed?

Firecrackers going off at random times (4:00 am!!?). Crowds of people pushing to get through a door or onto a bus. Cab drivers at train stations and airports and guides at attractions grabbing at you. The bright lights, often flashing…and did I mention firecrackers?

 

China is one of the places where the phrase “drinking from a fire hose” applies.

In every nation/language there are words and phrases that defy exact translation making it is hard for foreigners to grasp the real meaning.

In China one such word is  rènao  热闹   .

Everyone who comes to China will experience rènao, even if they don’t realise it.  The word is composed of two characters: rè (hot)  + nao (noise) , but it means much more than just that.

from the blog: Jasmine Tea and Jiaozi post Hustle and bustle: its hot and noisy!

What’s a peace loving introvert to do?

When it gets too much take a deep breath and step out of the crowd. I’ve learned that that is often easier than it might seem. Since everyone likes to crowd together sometimes it isn’t all that far to a quiet spot.

Research ahead of time to know what to expect, although, more than once I have read entirely accurate accounts and still been surprised, and carry a map and compass. Chinese people (at least several of the ones I have been on outings with) find their way around by asking around. This seems fine, except that Chinese people, instead of saying they don’t know, will present a hypothesis as if it were an answer. You can go an awfully long way in the wrong direction before your realize.

Communication

Is it a maze? an avalanche? For me it’s both.

Chinese is a very different language structurally and there are many words that sound the same. The Chinese people speak at mach 1 and there is often a lot of background noise. It’s easy to miss the little words that tell you something happened in the past, is going on now or is a plan or hope for the future (Is the road closed now? was it closed sometime in the past? or are they going to close it? is an example of how that can matter).

Always carry a phrasebook, camera, and a pencil and paper. A picture (or map) can sometimes be worth a lot more than a thousand words. My post A picture and a phrasebook saved my day gives a good example of how they can be used.

A tip for using a phrasebook:
Even though I know little Chinese, I have made an effort to learn to pronounce things in the most standard way (I have used the on-line course Yoyo Chinese), that way people can usually understand me, even if I can’t understand them. Having good pronunciation helps me use a phrasebook more effectively. I practice with the early pronunciation lessons before every trip.

I make a point of speaking slowly and clearly. People usually respond to that by doing the same.

Cell phones

My life line when traveling alone. Last spring, I got on a bus back to town from the kite festival and it didn’t come back on the road I was familiar with, I called my son and handed the phone to a stranger to tell him where I was so he could tell me where I was and when to get off the bus.

Of course everyone has smart phones now, even me, and many of them have translators. Some quite sophisticated. Chinese people will have phones and use them to communicate with you. I’ve had some fun interactions that way.

Just remember that Google is blocked, and that includes Google Translate and Google maps. I have a Microsoft translation app that seems fine. The search engine Baidu seems very similar to Bing and is a good way to get information, it is mostly in Chinese, but you can search in English and many websites have English language options.

Getting around

Taxis

The aggressiveness, and, in many cases, blatant dishonesty of taxi drivers is well documented and I have certainly seen it for myself a few times. Using the official taxi stand at a train station or airport is a good start (and it rewards the drivers who follow the rules), but one time at the official taxi stand in Qingdao airport, late at night, we were put into a gypsy cab and he tried to charge us way more than reasonable.

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It is a good idea to take a photo of the driver/cab information.

It is awfully hard to cope with that sort of thing at 1:00 am , especially when your day started at 6:00 am the day before and involved a lot of activity and travel.

Always take a picture of the license and cab information. That way you stand a modest chance of getting back anything you leave behind…and it sends a subtle message that you aren’t interested in being taken for too long a ride. I have a couple of cab stories but they are too long to relate here. Just remember that it is okay to be a little rude.

Around town

I take a picture of the road signs by my son’s apartment and the location where I want a cab to stop almost as soon as I arrive, I can show the pictures to a cab driver who is having difficulty understanding me. They can put accurate road names into their GPS and know what the entrance they are looking for looks like.

In conclusion

The “hot noise” is part of the cultural experience of being in China. It can help to have an escape plan and take special care of your basic needs: it is always worse if you are thirsty, hungry or need to go to the bathroom. I find that when I am physically comfortable it is way easier to enjoy the cultural experience.

 

 

China A to Z: N is for Noodles

Noodle country

Pasta is reputed to have its origin in China, then brought to Italy by Marco Polo. I do not pretend to be a historical scholar who can verify or deny this. What I can say is that in the places I have been in China noodles are everywhere.

This surprised me at first, but I have been told that there is a line somewhere and north of the line the staple food is noodles and south of it is rice. I guess I have never been south of the line. Rice is often available, but noodles are way more common in the places I have traveled.

Fresh Noodles

Since I buy and use packaged noodles at home they never occurred to me as a “fresh” food. But in China many places make the noodles fresh.

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Machine made noodles coming out.

Dinner and a show: In Tai’an we had hand made noodles, freshly made when we ordered! Really delicious and fun to watch.

Noodle restaurants

Noodle restaurants tend to not be overly fancy, my favorite one in Weifang was in a food court area of Walmart Shopping Plaza. They used chopped peanuts, sesame and cilantro to flavor the beef noodle soup. I always asked for “bu la” (not spicy), but I think I was an anomaly. Many places rely on the hotness to cover a lack of other flavors.

This sidewalk noodle shop in Chongqing is typical of the more simple places to get a quick, filling meal. My son did the ordering (I still had pretty bad jet lag) so these were not “bu la”. They were pretty good anyway. There was a flavoring I couldn’t place, reading up afterwards I think it was a Chonqing area specialty.

Noodles are a good option for travelers not used to local food: the boiling makes it nearly impossible for nasties to get to your tummy.

Noodles for dessert?

Chinese meals don’t follow the same salad-soup, main course, dessert formula we have in the west. Usually a meal at a restaurant is ordered by dishes to be shared family style. They will order a combination of cold dishes and hot dishes, savory and sweet, spicy and bland. The dishes are brought to the table as they are ready. Meaning that the cold ones usually come first. They do  not serve noodles (or jiaozi or rice) until after all of the main dishes are out and consumed. They call these dishes zhŭ shí (主食), or staples, and use them to finish off a meal.

A courtesy tip:  you might not want to eat too much zhŭ shí (主食), as it can signify to the host that you didn’t enjoy the rest of the meal.

At my son’s 25th birthday (on my first visit to China) I was surprised that after the birthday cake they brought out noodles. Everyone was stuffed, but James had to eat noodles, a tradition that leads to a long life.

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China A to Z: M is for Market

I love going to markets when I travel. They give you a great sense of how people live and what they find important, interesting, and fun.

In China there is a wider variety of places to procure things than I am used to.

Supermarkets

In China they go to supermarkets way less than we do in the US. One thing that struck me was how much less busy a Walmart in China is than ones I’ve been to in the US. They have supermarkets, often inside of malls that have a wide variety of other shops as well. Very few malls in the US have supermarkets in them.

Compared with stores stateside Chinese supermarkets carry fewer packaged foods, and have a wider variety of foods.

Street Markets

The reason that Chinese people use supermarkets less is that they have street markets where they can buy what they need either close to home or while they are out doing other things.

Street markets have many things that you can buy elsewhere:

And some things you can’t buy elsewhere:

In many places there are indoor markets. These are quite large (people drive scooters and other smallish vehicles in them) and contain a variety of stalls and small shops carrying everything you can imagine. Below is a sample from the market in Shouguang, for more see my post: Shouguang Market.

Mini-marts or Convenience Stores

It is necessary when talking about marketing in China to give some space to the convenience stores that are all over. They carry almost anything you can imagine and some you wouldn’t think of, jammed into tiny shops. There seems to be one within walking distance of almost anywhere. Things cost a bit more but its worth something to not have to go farther and haul back home a four liter bottle of water.

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We bought water, snacks, a geezer stool and a razor here.

 

 

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China A to Z: L is for Lights and Lanterns

In China there are a lot of lights. Even during the day colored and flashing lights are used to catch your attention. They let you know where the action is…or where it’s wanted.

Food Street at Night

Street Lights

One use of lights that I found interesting, and very practical, is that the street lights are different shapes on different streets. That way you can tell what street you are on, even well out into the country. This is a great aid to me.I wound up staying near Beihai Lu during several stays and used to feel I was on home turf when I saw the butterfly street lights. Even if I was far off (Beihai Lu probably goes at least 50 miles) I knew I was on the right street.

Here are some examples from the City of Weifang:

Red Lanterns

Traditional, especially during the lantern festival. Many are not lit, just decorations in the shape of traditional lanterns.

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At Yangjiabu Fold village they had red lanterns in trees of special importance.

At night they use strings of lights shaped like lanterns to let you know that a business is open.

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China a to Z: K is for Kites

Weifang claims (as do a few other locations) to be the “Kite Capital of the World” and every April they have the International Kite Festival.

Traditional Kites

Making kites with bamboo frames and hand painted designs is a traditional art in the area around Weifang.

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Family getting ready to fly a traditional butterfly kite.
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Traditional butterfly kite soaring during the International Kite Festival.

Flying Kites for Recreation

Many people fly kites for enjoyment and relaxation. There are a couple of public squares where people come to fly kites, on weekdays this seems to be mostly retired men. On the weekends with good conditions everyone comes out. On my first trip to Weifang I was fortunate to be invited to come along to watch. My post A chance encounter tells about this.

A few pictures of people in the park (including me):

Kite Making Industry

In the countryside around Weifang City you occasionally will see a display of bright, billowing kites at the entrance to a narrow dirt road. These indicate that if you wander down that road you will come to a kite factory.

Here is a picture from the shop owned by this particular factory:

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International Kite Festival

It is held at “The beach of Happy Sea of Binhai development zone in Weifang City, Shandong, P.R.C.” It is a long trip from the city center. I’ve been twice. Both times I took public buses, a great deal but not for the feint of heart.

The first time it poured rain, I spent about 4 hour there and was wetter than I have probably ever been. It was still fascinating to see the wide variety of kites. The post I wrote about that experience is Kites and Umbrellas. The next day, naturally, was gorgeous, we spent it at a special kite field day at the school where my son taught, the post about that is Kites and Kids.

Last year, the weather was beautiful, and so were the many beautiful kites. Because I took a bus after breakfast and missed the big opening. But there were many families out flying kites on the beach in addition to the extra large and fancy ones. It was a pleasant day, in town it was in the 80’s but at the beach of Happy Sea it was cooler.

 

I’m hoping to get there again this year. Maybe I’ll finally get to see the big dragon in flight.

 

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China A to Z: J is for Jiaozi

Is Jiaozi a Chinese answer to ravioli? Or is ravioli an Italian answer to jiaozi? At a guess the second is more likely.

Jiaozi (pronounced, more or less, gee-ow-dsuh) is Shandong comfort food. A filled dumpling, usually boiled or steamed, not fried. They use a wide variety of fillings.

Making jiaozi is an important part of family life. Especially during Spring Festival (Chinese New Year). Where everyone makes and gives dumplings as they go visiting.

Chinese friend making dumplings. It seemed to be very important for her to make them for me. A sign of caring.

In restaurants they are often steamed not boiled, and served in bamboo steamers.

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My son chowing down at a favorite home-style restaurant specializing in dumplings.

They even have specially designed take out trays to keep each dumpling in place. We found that putting the dipping sauce in a coffee cup worked better than trying to drizzle it over the dumplings.

Even though I wouldn’t say that they are my favorite food, after getting well beyond soaked on a very rainy day take-out dumplings, along with a glass of wine, really hit the spot.

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Any guess what K is for?

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China A to Z: I is for Incense

 

Used for worship

All the temples I saw had incense available, no matter what type they were. The two most common offerings twere food and incense.

In the Lama Temple in Beijing the price of admission includes one box of incense. I didn’t know it when I started out but you are supposed to light three sticks in various places. I wasn’t the only one who didn’t know: I lit all my sticks at once following the example of a few people.

Incense isn’t tobacco, but…

I was shocked one time riding the train, to see a man take out a short stick of incense Holding it with tweezers he lit it and sniffed it. Perhaps it calmed him.

It never would have occurred to me to bring incense along as a comfort item on a train trip.

While I am guessing that strictly speaking it wasn’t against the rules, the announcements on the train about smoking sounded dire and the train was equipped with smoke detectors that would stop the train (at least so they said). The threats sounded pretty hard core so I was surprised that nothing happened, not even one of the conductors telling him to put it away.

I guess it isn’t surprising that in a country with many less than savory aromas incense can help one stay focused on the task at hand not wondering what caused a particular tingle in the nostrils. Can’t help but wonder if it doesn’t make a significant contribution to air pollution locally, and I doubt that it’s good for respiratory challenges. But then I’ve never liked incense.

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China A to Z: H is for Housing, from Hutongs to High-rises

Hutongs

Hutongs are the labyrinths of old alleys with traditional houses in northern Chinese cities. I just caught a few glimpses of hutongs in Beijing.

 

In a village outside of Weifang I visited a family that had a traditional courtyard type house along a street. This is typical of a home for a middle class family in that village.

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This is not to scale but it gives the general layout of the home we visited.

Here are a couple of photos taken from the train, I am including them even though they are blurry because they show neighborhoods of this type of home from above, one in the country and one in the city.

High-rises

High-rises are everywhere, They tend to crop up in clumps.

In many places they are empty because supply and demand haven’t matched up yet. In Xian our guide, who lived outside of the city, said that many people couldn’t afford the new units. They are desirable since the commute time is lower and there are modern conveniences like more, and better plumbing: flush toilets hooked to a sewer system,  hot water in kitchens (in older buildings hot water is usually provided in the bathroom only by a passive solar contraption on the roof, modern electric and data connections and new, easy to clean surfaces. With time and an improving economy they will likely fill in.

The layout of apartments tends to follow a pattern. A very practical one. The buildings are skinny in the north to south direction because every unit goes the entire width. On the north side against the windows (which can be opened) is the kitchen and on the south side there is a sun room, usually equipped with clothes lines which can be raised and lowered by pulleys, for drying laundry.

Progress?

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Rubble from demolition of old hutong.

While some hutongs, especially in Beijing, are protected for historical reasons, they are mostly being replaced with modern construction and in urban areas that tends to be high rises.

Actually living with ancient sanitary practices doesn’t stay charming for long. One of the tour guides who was telling us about the flooding of cities for three gorges dam said that most young people were glad to move to modern quarters and call bathrooms “happy rooms”.

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China A to Z: G is for Geezer Stools

I admit I made up the name for these. Here is why:

The folding stool is thought to have been introduced to China during the second century AD, at which time the Han emperor Lingdi was recorded to have had a fondness for foreign curiosities, including the ‘foreign barbarian seat’ (huchuang). This term referred to the folding stool, which was commonly used by nomadic tribes in the more remote northern and western regions. Its use spread throughout China over the following centuries. It became a popular seat for rulers and dignitaries when traveling or cruising on a boat, and its lightweight portability made it especially suitable for officers on military campaigns. Travelers convenient carried them over the shoulder, and even today, men and women use them to relax by the street side or while fishing along a canal.

From Classical Chinese Furniture website.

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Moat around Qufu.

The stool is quintessentially China. They are everywhere. Many people have nicer ones to use as extra seating when they have guests (we have a few and I love them, you can also turn them into little tables by putting a try across the top). They are fairly comfortable, even the more basic ones, and Chinese people seem to favor them. When we had visitors from China and they saw our collection of geezer stools non of them would sit on the sofa.

A simple and practical solution for seating.

The style ranges from very basic to quite elaborate. My husband refers to one sent back to him as a gift as his “geezer throne”. You can find them at street vendors, convenience stores, supermarkets and some specialty stores.

My son says that some people call them “grasshopper stools” because of how you look when you sit on them (knees up high).

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